Memory is always impaired. Initially, short-term memory is affected, but as the disease progresses, it will also include long-term memory (usually in advanced disease).

Short-term memory is the ability to form new information. Examples of impaired short-term memory include misplacing articles, forgetting appointments, repeating oneself, and forgetting the details of recent events. As the memory impairment progresses, the person will increasingly live in the past.

Written by Dr Frans Hugo, MBChB, M.Med Psychiatry and Dr L. Van Wyk, MBChB, M. Med (Psych) from the Panorama Memory Clinic.

For more information visit: Dementia SA: or Alzheimer’s South Africa:

We live in a world where facts and fiction get blurred
In times of uncertainty you need journalism you can trust. For 14 free days, you can have access to a world of in-depth analyses, investigative journalism, top opinions and a range of features. Journalism strengthens democracy. Invest in the future today. Thereafter you will be billed R75 per month. You can cancel anytime and if you cancel within 14 days you won't be billed. 
Subscribe to News24
Show Comments ()
Editorial feedback and complaints

Contact the public editor with feedback for our journalists, complaints, queries or suggestions about articles on News24.