Even if a child's genes do foster such behaviours, however, all is not lost because parents can still work to curb aggression in kids, the researchers said.
"It should be emphasised that these genetic associations do not imply that the early trajectories of physical aggression are set and unchangeable," study author Eric Lacourse, of the University of Montreal, said in a university news release. "Genetic factors can always interact with other factors from the environment... explaining any behaviour."
The findings might lead to improved ways to reduce childhood aggression, according to Lacourse's team, which compared nearly 700 sets of identical and non-identical twins.
The twins' mothers were asked to rate their children's levels of physical aggression – actions such as hitting, biting, kicking and fighting – at the ages of 20 months, 32 months and 50 months. The researchers then looked at genetic and environmental factors – such as family or parent influences – that might affect aggression levels in the toddlers.
The development of physical aggression was strongly associated with genetic factors, and to a lesser degree with social environment, said the researchers, whose findings were published in the journal Psychological Medicine.
Learning to control aggression
Long-term studies of physical aggression also show that most children, teens and adults will eventually learn to control physical aggression, Lacourse said.
He said aggression in young children needs to be dealt with carefully because in-kind responses from parents, siblings and peers can simply reinforce the aggressive behaviour. That could lead to a kind of "vicious circle" effect, he said.
"These cycles of aggression between children and siblings or parents, as well as between children and their peers, could support the development of chronic physical aggression," Lacourse said.
(Picture: Aggressive toddler from Shutterstock)