Krokodil's origins are amongst Russia's poorest communities where it arose as a cheap alternative to heroin.
The substance can be concocted by crushing codeine tablets, which are widely available, and mixing them with substances like petrol, red phosphorous and hydrochloric acid.
Sound dangerous? Doctors estimate that from the point an addict first takes krokodil, their life expectancy is a little over two years.
According to people who have taken it, The drug has approximately the same effects, the same high, as heroin, but for as little as a tenth of the price of the real thing.
Read: Getting heroin on prescription?
The street price of heroin in South Africa is around R50 a gram which isn't that expensive, but the costs can add up as addicts require stronger and more frequent doses.
In Russia's factory towns, a raging heroin habit can decimate a person's funds, hence increasing numbers turning to Krokodil.
South Africa has a huge amount of low-income heroin addicts, making the rise of Krokodil almost inevitable.
Read: Is Nyaope South Africa's worst drug?
While the high might be good, the side effects are anything but. The drug literally rots human from the inside out, and in serious users it isn't uncommon to see large expanses of exposed bone and muscle.
The drug is named after crocodiles because of the scaly appearance gangrenous skin takes on.
WARNING: EXTREMELY GRAPHIC IMAGES BELOW
These images show addicts and what the drug has done to them. Wherever on the body a user injects the drug, blood vessels burst and surrounding tissue dies, sometimes falling off the bone in chunks. That side effect has earned krokodil its other nickname: the zombie drug.
Watch: The effects of krokodil, Inside a krokodil cookhouse, from TIME magazine
Image credits: Huffington Post/stopnarkotik/International Business Times
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