As tensions build in the Democratic Republic of Congo over the delay in announcing the election results, actor Ryan Gosling and activists with whom he has published a book about the central African country, urged officials to announce a credible winner.
DRC's electoral commission on Sunday delayed indefinitely the announcement of the results of the December 30 vote. However, the influential Catholic Church said it can see a clear winner from the 40 000 observers it posted across the country and it urged the electoral commission to publish the true results in "respect of truth and justice."
The US government also urged the electoral commission to present accurate results that correspond to results announced at each of DRC's 75 000 polling stations. President Donald Trump said military personnel had deployed to Central Africa to protect US assets from possible "violent demonstrations".
DRC's government forbids speculation about the winner before the official results are announced and it has imposed an internet blackout over the country to prevent conjecture on social media.
Gosling took photos in DRC that illustrate the book "Congo Stories," published last month with text written by activist John Prendergast and other DRC analysts.
Brutality and exploitation
Commenting on the edgy situation in DRC, Prendergast, joined calls for accurate results of the polling.
"It is impossible to ignore the mountains of evidence of a stolen election and a stolen government," said Prendergast. "If they steal the final electoral result, it will just compound the losses of the Congolese people, whose resources and rights have been taken by DRC's leaders, present and past."
Gosling called on consumers of smart phones, many of which contain strategic minerals from DRC, to make informed choices to help improve the lives of the Congolese people.
"I've learned that if DRC was the beneficiary of its own natural resources it would be one of the richest countries in the world as opposed to one of the poorest," wrote Gosling, responding by email to questions from The Associated Press.
"I've also learned that despite centuries of brutality and exploitation, there is an incredible movement in DRC among people who are using the living nightmares they have endured as fuel to make the hopes and dreams of their families and country a reality," he wrote.
"The momentary choices that we make as consumers can have lifelong consequences for the people of the countries from which those products are sourced," wrote Gosling. "We have an opportunity as consumers to support those who are being exploited in their efforts to achieve justice and live the lives to which they are entitled."
* Sign up to News24's top Africa news in your inbox: SUBSCRIBE TO THE HELLO AFRICA NEWSLETTER
DRC's election is an opportunity for change from the better, according to the activists with whom Gosling collaborated on the book.
"The people of DRC are hungry for change after 17 years of a lack of governance under Kabila," said Chouchou Namegabe, a Congolese journalist. "These elections represent the possibility to have the first democratic transition of power in DRC in its post-independence history ... Congolese people need a choice for who governs them, though this election will probably not deliver that."
The international community should use economic sanctions to press DRC to deliver good governance, said Prendergast, founder of the Enough Project, which campaigns for international firms to disclose where they source strategic minerals from DRC and other African countries.
"From the colonial era up to the present, the state in DRC has been hijacked for the personal benefit of ruling elites and their business partners, leaving nothing for developing the nation," wrote Prendergast to AP. "The solution is a combination of supporting DRC's courageous reform movements along with imposing international sanctions and other consequences on the kleptocratic networks - led at this time by President Kabila - that continue to impoverish DRC and foment violence in the country."
Multinational corporations, particularly the manufacturers of smart phones and computers, should encourage stability in DRC, said Fidel Bafilemba, a Congolese civic leader who works closely with the Enough Project. He said that eastern DRC is has instability because of armed militia that control its lucrative mines.
"DRC needs accountable leaders who will ensure compliance with DRC's laws, and the government needs to hold its generals accountable for the human rights abuses they oversee," said Bafilemba. "DRC also needs international help in the form of sanctions against the leading smugglers of conflict gold, which has become the largest funder of armed groups in eastern DRC. And DRC needs help from electronics, jewelry, and other companies, who should invest more in helping build up the conflict-free trade from eastern DRC."
DRC needs change that will improve the lives of its people, said journalist Namegabe.
"There is a serious risk of seeing violence and instability continue in the country. There are more than 200 active armed groups, and many potential triggers where social tensions could burst into violence very quickly," she wrote, saying that DRC's more than 80 million people will work to improve the country. "One of the main qualities of the Congolese people is a stubborn hope for a better future."