An Explainer: Why Kenyans are nervous about election results

Supporters of Kenya's National Super Alliance (NASA) shout slogans in Kisumu as they protest after the announcement of national election results. (File: AFP)
Supporters of Kenya's National Super Alliance (NASA) shout slogans in Kisumu as they protest after the announcement of national election results. (File: AFP)

Kampala -  Kenyans are nervously watching results from the election between President Uhuru Kenyatta, who is ahead in the vote count as he seeks a second term, and Raila Odinga, who alleges that the electoral commission's database was hacked.

The East African high-tech and commercial hub of 44 million people is often described as one of the continent's most politically stable countries, but the recent torture and killing of the official in charge of the electronic voting system has many recalling the disputed 2007 election between the same candidates that left more than 1 000 people dead.

A look at the issues:

The Candidates

Kenyatta and Odinga are from storied political families. Kenyatta is the son of Jomo Kenyatta, Kenya's first president, and Odinga is the son of Jaramogi Odinga Odinga, the country's first vice president.

One must win more than 50% of the votes that were cast on Tuesday to avoid a runoff election.

After losing the past two elections, this could be the last chance for the 72-year-old Raila Odinga to claim the seat that eluded his father.

The 55-year-old Kenyatta wants to avoid becoming the first Kenyan president not to win re-election. He won in 2013 with 50.03%  of the vote, triggering an unsuccessful legal challenge by Odinga.

Kenyatta at the time faced criminal charges at the International Criminal Court over his alleged role in the 2007 election violence.

Those charges were dropped due to lack of evidence, with the ICC prosecutor blaming unprecedented witness interference and bribery.

Most political organising in Kenya is tied to ethnicity. Many voters see Kenyatta as the candidate of the Kikuyu people, the country's largest ethnic group, and Odinga representing the Luo. The Luo have never produced a head of state.

Voting Concerns 

The torture and killing in late July of Christopher Msando, the official in charge of Kenya's electronic voting system, fueled concerns that the balloting could be rigged.

The biometric system malfunctioned in the 2013 election, leading to opposition claims of vote-tampering.

Odinga on Wednesday claimed that hackers used Msando's identity to gain entry to the election commission's database in order to manipulate voting results.

He blamed Kenyatta's party, tweeting that "the fraud Jubilee has perpetuated on Kenyans surpasses any level of voter theft in our country's history. This time we caught them."

The head of the election commission says Odinga's claims will be investigated.

Threats of Violence 

Protests began on Wednesday in parts of the capital, Nairobi, and in one of the country's largest cities, Kisumu, after Odinga's allegation of hacking.

Protesters in Kisumu, a stronghold of Odinga, said police were firing at them and using tear gas. And police said at least one person was killed when officers fired on protesters clashing with security forces in another opposition stronghold in Kisii County.

Kenyan officials have said it is unlikely they would shut down the internet, but they might shut down some social media if necessary to calm hate speech and incitement.

Interior Minister Fred Matiangi on Wednesday warned against abuse of social media to create tension and anxiety.

Another security concern has been the al-Shabaab extremist group, based in neighbouring Somalia, which already has threatened Kenya's elections with a series of deadly attacks in border areas.

That strains Kenya's security forces as they seek to keep the country calm.

We live in a world where facts and fiction get blurred
In times of uncertainty you need journalism you can trust. For only R75 per month, you have access to a world of in-depth analyses, investigative journalism, top opinions and a range of features. Journalism strengthens democracy. Invest in the future today.
Subscribe to News24
Lockdown For
DAYS
HRS
MINS
Voting Booth
When assisting your child with remote learning this year, did you:
Please select an option Oops! Something went wrong, please try again later.
Results
Follow the school's comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) curriculum?
14% - 418 votes
Adjust the CSE curriculum to suit the family's morals?
24% - 721 votes
Ignore the schools CSE programme and do your own teaching?
63% - 1909 votes
Vote
ZAR/USD
15.20
(-0.25)
ZAR/GBP
20.40
(-0.01)
ZAR/EUR
18.42
(-0.06)
ZAR/AUD
11.29
(-0.13)
ZAR/JPY
0.15
(+0.06)
Gold
1835.48
(-0.24)
Silver
24.14
(+0.55)
Platinum
1061.00
(+3.78)
Brent Crude
48.78
(+0.95)
Palladium
2336.01
(+1.71)
All Share
59419.37
(+0.80)
Top 40
54500.04
(+0.61)
Financial 15
11646.83
(+2.17)
Industrial 25
79758.36
(+0.10)
Resource 10
57015.33
(+0.70)
All JSE data delayed by at least 15 minutes morningstar logo