Bottom beginning to fall out of ivory market

Chinese people looking at an ivory tusk carving display at a shop in Beijing. (Wang Zhao, AFP)
Chinese people looking at an ivory tusk carving display at a shop in Beijing. (Wang Zhao, AFP)

Geneva - Global efforts to crack down on illegal ivory trafficking are eating away at prices, a wildlife trade regulator said on Tuesday, voicing confidence the bottom was falling out of the market.

"We're seeing the price of ivory start to tank," said John Scanlon, head of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).

"You're seeing the bottom fall out of the market," he told AFP on the sidelines of a meeting in Geneva this week focused on illegal wildlife trade.

The international trade in ivory has been banned in most of the world since 1989 following a drop in the population of African elephants from millions in the mid-20th century to just 600 000 by the end of the 1980s.

But a vast illegal market still sees some 30 0000 elephants slaughtered in Africa each year.

Organised crime syndicates and rebel militia looking for ways to fund insurgencies in Africa have become increasingly involved in the trade, eager to reap the benefits as demand in Asia for ivory to use in decorations and traditional medicines drives a multi-billion-dollar market.

But in a report published late last year, Kenya-based conservation groupSave the Elephants said the price of ivory in China was cut in half over an 18-month period.

The organisation said in December that the price of illegal raw ivory in China had fallen to $1 100 per kg, down from a record high in mid-2014 of $2 100 per kg.

China has this year taken steps to reduce both the legal and illegal ivory trades - although a total ban has not been put in place - and awareness of the impact of the trade on Africa's elephants is growing among Chinese consumers.

'High risk, low profit'

While the gangs behind most of the illegal trade can still make a profit, Scanlon said the slumping prices were sending a clear message.

He said that even more than ivory-coveting end consumers, scrupulous investors speculating in illegal ivory prices were driving the demand, stressing that they were unlikely to keep investing as prices plunge and the risks soar.

Countries across the world have increasingly been cracking down on the illegal trade, dishing out harsher sentences to poachers, middlemen and buyers alike and dramatically increasing efforts to track ivory.

Trading in illegal ivory "is shifting from low risk, high profit to high risk, low profit," Scanlon said, voicing hope that lower prices could help bring the devastating trade to an end.

The problem however remains far from solved.

Today, only 450 000 to 500 000 elephants remain in Africa, with the hardest-hit populations in the centre and the west of the continent seeing annual killings that exceed the natural birthrates.

"We are faced with terrifying levels of poaching and illegal trade," Niger's representative Mariama Ali Omar told the CITES conference.

She was among a range of country representatives calling on countries to destroy their ivory stockpiles and urging those that permit the trade of ivory from domestic elephants to "stop it."

"That would help us to bring down demand... [and] bring an end to having domestic trade serve to launder illegal ivory trade," she said.

The Geneva meeting will provide a range of recommendations to be considered at the triennial World Wildlife Conference in opening in South Africa in September.

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