Russia warming 2.5 times quicker than global average

Elderly Russian women sit outside in Moscow, where the usual bitterly cold has made way for unusually warmer temperatures. (Alexander Zemlianichenko, AP)
Elderly Russian women sit outside in Moscow, where the usual bitterly cold has made way for unusually warmer temperatures. (Alexander Zemlianichenko, AP)

Moscow - Russia is warming more than twice as fast as the rest of the world, the environment ministry said on Friday, sounding an alarm on the rise in floods and wildfires nationwide.

A government report on environmental protection said temperatures in Russia had warmed by 0.42°C per decade since 1976, or 2.5 times higher than the global warming trend of 0.17°.

"Climate change leads to growth of dangerous meteorological phenomena," the ministry said in a comment to the report published on Friday.

There have been 569 such phenomena in Russia in 2014, "the largest since monitoring began", the ministry said, including last year's ravaging floods and this year's "water deficit" east of Lake Baikal, which led to a "catastrophic rise in fires".

President Vladimir Putin rarely voices concerns about climate change, having famously said in the past that a little warming would not hurt the country and seeing it as a boon for Arctic development.

Infrastructure 

Experts, however, have cautioned that warming could hurt energy infrastructure on permafrost in Siberia and increase other risks.

The report states that while Russia is warming on the whole, some areas in the Far East and southern Siberia are experiencing harsh winters.

Out-of-control fires and deadly floods have hit Russia nearly every year this decade, and the emergency situations ministry in October conceded it has to come up with a new strategy.

"There are new threats in face of climate change," Emergencies Minister Vladimir Puchkov said at a conference in October, adding they require "new measures to protect infrastructure".

"Permafrost is receding, there are earthquakes where there weren't before, there are landslides, flash floods, blow-outs of gas condensate and so on," he said."

World nations earlier this month reached a climate accord in Paris which sets the goal of limiting global warming to "well below" 2°C over pre-industrial levels, though experts warn that emissions-curbing pledges are too little too late.

While the total emission of greenhouse gases in Russia has not grown over the past five years, car emissions are increasing.

Half of Russia's auto transport still consists of inefficient vehicles with polluting engines over a decade old, the report said.

Weather in Moscow and surrounding regions has been abnormally warm in recent days, with historic temperature records broken every day of the past week, the latest on Thursday with 8.5°C in Moscow.

The warmth led city hall to close the capital's ski rinks, while bees left their beehives and snowdrops suddenly bloomed in Moscow's parks.

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