FOR the month of September, the sapphire is the birthstone.
Sapphires are traditionally given on the fifth, 23rd and 45th wedding anniversaries, with a star sapphire given on the 65th.
The deep blue of this sapphire lead to the belief, in ancient times, that the world sat on a giant sapphire and the colour of the sky was merely a reflection of this gem.
It is identified with chastity, piety, and repentance.
Sapphires are associated with romantic love, representing fidelity and romantic devotion.
Sapphires are also often used during a quest to increase one's faith, hope, and joy, and to keep thoughts pure and heavenly.
The sapphire has, for centuries, been seen as a symbol of the heavens, a guardian of innocence, a bestower of truth, a promoter of good health, and a preserver of chastity.
It is believed to bring gifts of fulfillment, joy, prosperity, inner peace and beauty.
Some wore sapphires to ward off illness or as protection while traveling.
In the middle ages, people believed wearing a sapphire suppressed negative thoughts.
It also has long been believed to have a curing power for natural ailments.
In ancient Persia, if ground up, it was used as an all purpose medicine.
Ivan the Terrible of Russia stated that the sapphire strengthened the heart and muscles and endowed a person with courage, perception and the understanding of justice.
Sapphires are said to help find peace of mind and serenity and promote a life of sincerity, helping preserve one's innocence while learning life's truths.
It was said that a poisonous snake put into a sapphire container would soon shrivel and die.
The sapphire was also said to have the powers of protection against envy, cure colic, rheumatism, mental illness and strengthen eyesight.