- UKZN & DUT are seeking to establish the potential of medicinal plants in the fight against Covid-19.
- The plant species chosen for the study were selected based on their use in traditional medicine for fighting the common cold, flu, respiratory infections, and malaria.
- There is currently no cure for Covid-19.
The University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN) and the Durban University of Technology (DUT) have teamed up to establish the potential of medicinal plants in the fight against Covid-19.
The research project includes scientists from both institutions joining forces to identify bioactive compounds from South African plants that could potentially be effective in the treatment of the virus.
"SARS-CoV-2 has triggered a recent pandemic of respiratory disease now called COVID-19 with no specific antiviral drug or vaccine for the treatment of this pandemic. Most treatment strategies focus on symptomatic management and supportive therapy. As a result, several drug discovery efforts are ongoing for potential treatment agents, with medicinal plants gradually gaining prominence," UKZN said in a statement.
"For the study, the plant species chosen were selected based on their use in traditional medicine for fighting the common cold, flu, respiratory infections, and malaria, among other ailments and diseases," the institution added.
UKZN's Dean and Head of the School of Health Sciences, Professor Mahmoud Soliman together with his doctoral student and laboratory assistant, Clement Agoni found - during the first stage of the study - 29 compounds that are present in South African indigenous plants used for traditional medicinal purposes.
"The process that entailed molecular modelling identified arabic acid, L-canavanine, uzarin and hypoxoside to be 'favourable for the treatment of the virus'," UKZN stated.
According to the leader of the project, the study was the first to scientifically examine South African indigenous plants for treatment against the virus.
"The next stage of the research is underway focusing on the in vitro antiviral activity of the compounds identified as potential inhibitors. If the study secures promising results, further research will be done using animal modules.
"Consequently, these compounds could serve as a starting point for the discovery of a novel SARS-CoV-2 therapeutic," Dr Depika Dwarka of DUT’s Department of Biotechnology and Food Technology said.
Co-leaders in the research project include; DUT’s Professor Jason Mellem and UKZN’s Professor Himansu Baijnath, who is an honorary research professor and past curator of the Ward Herbarium at the School of Life Sciences at the Westville campus.
News24 earlier reported that while there is currently no cure for Covid-19, traditional medicines/indigenous plants are not excluded from the search for treatments, according to the National Department of Health.
Academics previously told News24 that the potential of traditional medicine is not yet know, and will not be until its efficacy is tested through clinical trials.