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AS IT HAPPENED: Presence of blood in shower under scrutiny in Van Breda trial

Henri van Breda in court. (Tammy Petersen, News24)
Henri van Breda in court. (Tammy Petersen, News24)
News24 journalist Tammy Petersen is reporting from court. Follow her here.
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15 Aug 2017

Court has adjourned.

15 Aug 2017

Galloway says no further witnesses available for today.

Next witness will be available tomorrow.

15 Aug 2017

Statement by Dr Marius Smallsmith cites injuries sustained by Marli accepted into evidence.

15 Aug 2017

Galloway says a statement by Dr Marais, saying he took a reference sample from Marli, accepted into evidence.

15 Aug 2017

Statements handed in from vehicles which drove into De Zalze night of the murders. Confirms they had driven onto the premises.

15 Aug 2017

Expiry date of H-sticks not listed. Supposed to be according to SOPs.

15 Aug 2017

Botha concludes cross examination.

15 Aug 2017

Swab gaurd wasn't sealed. It should have been sealed. The exhibit bag was sealed, Nel says.

15 Aug 2017

7 February 2015 - date of test

15 Aug 2017

If expiry date not recorded, that means they are not complying with SOP. Yes, Nel says.

15 Aug 2017

No way to verify results? Botha asks. No, Nel says.

15 Aug 2017

Botha asks how defence can verify with their own experts, Nel says if the swab is still available.

Is it, Botha asks.

No.

15 Aug 2017

Record of the test is her writing it down, Nel says.

15 Aug 2017

Botha asks if she says that this isn't prescribed in the SOPs.

Nel says she documents her positive result by writing it down.

15 Aug 2017

In SOP it says they should, Botha says. Nel asks where it says that in the SOP.

15 Aug 2017

Nel says they don't keep them. Asked if they take any photos of it, No, Nel says.

15 Aug 2017

She has it with her, she says.

15 Aug 2017

Now says she can't recall if the expiry date was included in the documents requested by the defence.

15 Aug 2017

Exhibit 117. H-stick was used to check for possible presence of blood.

Botha asks where the expiry date is. Nel says it's in the case file.

15 Aug 2017

Botha goes back to SOP on H-stick testing. It says the indication is that blood may be present. Not conclusive.

15 Aug 2017

Swab of shower corner - possible presence of blood was found to be positive.

15 Aug 2017

Another evidence number had been changed from an 8 to a 7. Nel says she received it that way.

15 Aug 2017

It is supposed to be sealed, she says.

15 Aug 2017

One of the exhibits (a swabguard) was not sealed, Nel says.                        

15 Aug 2017

Household products (bleach) can be one of the reason for this.

15 Aug 2017

Sticks can give false positive, Botha asks.

Yes, Nel says.

15 Aug 2017

Take a sterile swab, dampen, press area where think blood is, put it on stick and check if it changes colour form yellow to green.

15 Aug 2017

How do you know if dipstick or luminol used?

Nel says it's documented in case file. Although not in her affidavit.

15 Aug 2017

She examined the exhibits and tested if blood was possibly present.

15 Aug 2017

Asks why she didn't call IO or doctor to determine if they took nail scrapings. Her experience with kit meant she knew what the kit had been used for, Nel said.

15 Aug 2017

Inventory form and box didn't indicate that it contained nail scrapings. Nel wrote this because of the type of swab that was used.

15 Aug 2017

What indicated "vremde druppel" on hand that it was blood?

She said it looked like blood that's why it had to be tested. Visual determination.

15 Aug 2017

Nel says it was according to the type of swab that was used.

Did you check for presence of possible blood? No, Nel says, some swabs go straight to DNA, they don't do presumptive tests on them.

15 Aug 2017

Why write something not contained in exhibit bag?

Nel says it was a pointed swab taken by the doctor under the nail, that's where it comes from. Botha says she assumed (Desai says inferred) this.

15 Aug 2017

Botha pointing out that one of the descriptions (nail scrapings R hand) didn't correlate with exhibit information.

15 Aug 2017

Submissions section happens after she has completed her task.

15 Aug 2017

Of these SOPS are not applicable to evidence recovery, Nel said.

15 Aug 2017

Refers to SOP which says exhibits must be examined optimally due to cost involved.

If ownership of sample or where found is questioned, the io must be contacted and conversation must be recorded.

15 Aug 2017

Botha refers to SOPs effective from July 2013.

15 Aug 2017

Covering letter and inventory form different. Inventory comes inside exhibit bag, covering letter sent by the LCRC member.

15 Aug 2017

Head of axe swab referred to.

Page attached to it. Nel says she added it.

15 Aug 2017

Contains handwritten notes from WO Hitchcock.

15 Aug 2017

Refers to inventory form, which accompanies the exhibits in the exhibit bag.

15 Aug 2017

Nel explains that in her lab she has a PC at her desk. Exhibit information typed in and printed.

15 Aug 2017

She wrote down what was inside the bag - two swabs and inventory form.

15 Aug 2017

Handwritten note is from police officer who sent it. This was how she reiceved it, Nel says.

15 Aug 2017

Refers to exhibit which shows typed and handwritten information.

15 Aug 2017

In her affidavit, she refers to 2 separate evidence bags, each containing a hair sample. Received a bag on 10 February containing a hair sample belonging to Marli.

15 Aug 2017

Also contained a holder with a swab for left and right fingernail.

15 Aug 2017

In her affidavit, she said on a later date, she reiceved another sealed bag. Inside it, she found fingernail swabbings for a left and right hand which she recorded.
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