Parents at Sidubi Poort Junior Secondary School in Cofimvaba say they have decided to build toilets for their children because the Eastern Cape department of education has been dragging its feet for more than seven years.
Community members have volunteered to do the work, GroundUp reports.
The current toilets at the school in Ngxingweni village were built in 1984. There are eight pit latrines for the 208 pupils and teachers.
Some of the toilets are full and the seats are broken. Children and teachers have to relieve themselves in the bush outside the school premises.
Teachers say the education department first promised to fix the toilets in 2012, but keeps postponing.
"When we first asked for toilets, the teachers' toilets were still in better condition. [Now] we are also forced to go to those bushes to relieve ourselves," said a teacher.
A member of the school governing body who did not wish to be named said: "Teachers are supposed to be well-respected people. Then tell me if they relieve themselves in bushes where is their dignity? We can't just sit because government is failing our children and teachers."
"These bushes are far from the school and when learners go to them, they have to go in numbers, at least four of them, for safety reasons," said a teacher.
Wall 'toilet' a kilometre away
Unemployment is high in Ngxingweni and most people survive on social grants, but they have been willing to use the little money they have to help the school to build toilets.
Parents started collecting money a year ago and have so far raised just under R5 000. It is not enough for new toilets yet, and some of the funds will be used first to fix the pit latrines. Community members have been fetching sand for construction from a river bank a few kilometres away from the school.
At Mvuzo Junior Secondary School in Qamata village, also in Cofimvaba, the education department told teachers to destroy all broken pit toilets. Department officials visited the school and said the toilets, built over 30 years ago, were putting pupils' lives at risk.
However, the department did not say when it was going to build new toilets.
The school has 321 pupils from Grade R to Grade 9. They now relieve themselves at a wall a kilometre away. Teachers were told they have to accompany the pupils, but they say they do not have time to do this.
"I'm a male teacher. What are the community members going to say when they see me watching their children relieving themselves? On the other hand, there are learners who are waiting in class for a lesson," said a teacher.
More than 1 700 schools with pit latrines
"The challenge we are facing is that when learners go to relieve themselves, they leave the school in groups. We can't keep our classes in order. And learners are missing lessons."
"Even if we go in groups, that does not guarantee our safety. There are snakes here and anything can happen. To be honest, I'm always scared of going, but we do not have a choice," said pupil Jessica Ngqomo.
She said some boys at the school were still using the destroyed toilets and refusing to go to the bush.
Spokesperson for the department Malibongwe Mtima said the department had close to R2bn to replace unhealthy and unhygienic pit latrines. Mtima did not respond to questions about the two schools.
Equal Education says the Eastern Cape has more than 1 700 schools with pit latrines, the highest number in the country.
It said the need to address this crisis could not be overstated, particularly when taking into account the danger it posed to pupils and teachers.