- California election officials and the state Republican party are embroiled in a fight over ballot boxes.
- Officials have demanded that the party remove ballot boxes.
- But the party hit back, saying it would not comply.
California officials said on Monday they were sending cease-and-desist orders to state Republican leaders demanding removal of "unofficial, unauthorised" ballot collection boxes placed by the party in at least three counties in violation of election law.
But the California Republican Party, while acknowledging it had erected its own ballot drop-off boxes "statewide", vowed to defy orders to remove them, setting the stage for a potential legal showdown with state election officials.
The dispute made California, a solidly Democratic stronghold in the 3 November presidential election, an unlikely new flashpoint in the partisan fight over absentee and mail-in voting that Republicans have attacked with unfounded assertions as being rife with fraud.
California election officials have touted drop-off boxes as secure collection sites where voters can personally submit their ballots in advance, avoiding worries about timely mail delivery or potentially crowded polling places on Election Day.
Collection boxes have assumed greater urgency in the midst of the coronavirus pandemic, especially after the US Postal Service warned that election mail could be delayed this year.
Speaking to reporters in a teleconference call, California Secretary of State Alex Padilla and Attorney General Xavier Becerra, both Democrats, said that only county election officials can legally operate ballot drop boxes under state law.
"Unofficial, unauthorised drop boxes are not permitted in the state of California," said Padilla, whose office oversees election regulations and enforcement in the state.
He said state officials had received reports of Republican-controlled collection sites set up in Los Angeles, Fresno and Orange counties, some of them falsely labelled as official.
Padilla said the cease-and-desist notice being sent to state and county Republican officials gives them until 15 October to remove the collection boxes in question or face legal action.
"Tampering with the vote is illegal, and anyone who knowingly engages in the tampering or misuse of a vote is subject to prosecution," Becerra said. He added that included anyone found to be promoting a voter fraud scheme.
"You have a right to vote, and you have a right to know that your vote will be counted the right way," he said.
California Republican Party spokesperson Hector Barajas acknowledged the party had established an unspecified number of its own ballot drop-off boxes "statewide" over the past two weeks and intended to keep them in place.
"We're not going to stop this programme," he told Reuters.
Barajas said doing so was legal under Democratic-supported state laws allowing third-party individuals to collect and deliver ballots for other voters with their consent - a process Republicans have disparaged as "ballot harvesting".
"Democrats are now upset because organisations, individuals and groups are offering an opportunity for their friends, family and patrons to drop off their ballot with someone they know and trust," Barajas said in a statement.
"California Republicans would be happy to do away with ballot harvesting."
Padilla and Becerra disputed such arguments as beside the point in their briefing to reporters.
While California voters are permitted to designate someone else to physically submit a ballot on their behalf, a memorandum to county election officials from Padilla's office cited the state election code defining a lawful drop box as "a secure receptacle established by a county or city and county elections official".
The memo also says state regulations include extensive requirements for the design and security of the containers, which must be clearly marked as "Official Ballot Drop Box".
Earlier in the day, a spokesperson for Orange County District Attorney Todd Spitzer, a Republican, said prosecutors in his office had opened an investigation into reports of unofficial drop boxes in at least two locations there, one of them by a county Republican official.
"It's our understanding that they've already been removed, but we're trying to determine that," said the spokesperson, Kimberly Edds.
Do you want to know more about this topic? Sign up for one of News24's 33 newsletters to receive the information you want in your inbox. Special newsletters are available to subscribers.