EU leaders' summit confronts Covid-19 vaccine rollout woes

0:00
play article
Subscribers can listen to this article
  • EU leaders will meet to hammer out policy on the bloc's coronavirus vaccine plan.
  • One divisive issue is travel and border closures.
  • Just 4% in the EU have received at least one vaccine jab.


EU leaders meet on Thursday under pressure to speed up Europe's coronavirus vaccine rollout, divided over border closures, and what introducing vaccine travel certificates could mean.

LIVE | All the latest coronavirus and lockdown updates

The video summit for the leaders of the 27-nation bloc comes a year into the Covid-19 crisis, as most of the EU is experiencing a second wave of cases - or a third wave for some - that stubbornly won't diminish.

And the member states now face outbreaks of more contagious variants from Britain and South Africa.

Brussels has warned six governments, including Germany's, about unilateral border restrictions, while tourist-dependent countries are piling on the pressure to lift travel barriers in time for summer vacations.

After a sluggish start to the EU vaccination rollout - largely because the EU's plan was dependent on the vaccine from drugs giant AstraZeneca, which under-delivered - European capitals hope supplies will surge from April as Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna ramp up production.

70% vaccination goal

A one-shot vaccine by Johnson & Johnson could also be approved by mid-March.

European Commission chief Ursula von der Leyen told the German regional daily Augsburger Allgemeine that, despite the friction with AstraZeneca, "vaccine manufacturers are our partners in this pandemic".

Her goal is to have 70% of adults in the European Union vaccinated by mid-September.

Just 4% of the bloc's 450 million people have received at least one jab, according to an AFP tally of official figures - and only 2% have been fully vaccinated with two jabs.

But thoughts are already turning to vaccine certificates.

Several EU officials and diplomats warned on Wednesday that, while they back a verifiable vaccination record, it is too early to look at using "vaccine passports" to permit easier travel.

"We still do not have advice from the health authorities (about) what the vaccine does and does not do: Can you still contaminate others if you have been vaccinated? I don't know," one senior EU diplomat told journalists.

"What happens to those who have not been vaccinated? What procedure do they have to go through to be able to enter a country? I think this is still under discussion," he said.

France and Germany, notably, are opposed, fearing a travel schism between a minority of vaccinated haves and a majority of unvaccinated have-nots.

Curbs on travel

However, preliminary EU talks have already started with the International Air Travel Association, which is about to launch its IATA Travel Pass, an app that stores vaccine data.

Meanwhile Greece has indicated it is ready to move faster than its EU peers, and has already struck a bilateral travel agreement with Israel, the world's vaccination champion.

It is reportedly in similar talks with former EU country Britain, where bookings of low-cost flights to Greece, Spain and Turkey soared on Tuesday after London said curbs on foreign leisure travel could be lifted as early as mid-May.

The senior EU diplomat acknowledged that all European Union countries were "eager" to find a safe way to reopen travel in time for the June-to-September tourist season, but said "we have to move this forward together."

An EU official, also speaking on condition of anonymity, was blunter, saying the EU wants to avoid "a new death season".

Brussels is also concerned the emergence of worrying variants could require retooled booster shots, which would in turn mean vaccine certificates would have to be constantly updated.

A more pressing problem than the certificates, though, are the severe border restrictions put in place by several EU countries to curb the virus variants, which the commission sees as disproportionate.

It has written warning letters to Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Hungary and Sweden about their measures, giving them until late next week to respond.

Another EU diplomat said: "In this instance we needed to underscore the rules we have collectively signed on to."

The EU official said that, without the commission's intervention, such restrictions "could be worse than what we see today".

He added that he expected "quite a lively discussion between the member states" on that issue.

Do you want to know more about this topic? Sign up for one of News24's 33 newsletters to receive the information you want in your inbox. Special newsletters are available to subscribers.


We live in a world where facts and fiction get blurred
In times of uncertainty you need journalism you can trust. For only R75 per month, you have access to a world of in-depth analyses, investigative journalism, top opinions and a range of features. Journalism strengthens democracy. Invest in the future today.
Subscribe to News24
Lockdown For
DAYS
HRS
MINS
Voting Booth
Would you choose to continue working from home after the coronavirus lockdown if given the option?
Please select an option Oops! Something went wrong, please try again later.
Results
Yes, it's much better for me
40% - 6651 votes
No ways! I can't wait to get back to the office
12% - 1951 votes
A mixture of both would suit me best
48% - 7985 votes
Vote
USD/ZAR
14.61
(0.0)
GBP/ZAR
20.02
(0.0)
EUR/ZAR
17.37
(0.0)
AUD/ZAR
11.13
(0.0)
JPY/ZAR
0.13
(0.0)
Gold
1,743.98
(0.0)
Silver
25.25
(0.0)
Platinum
1,204.50
(0.0)
Brent Crude
62.95
(-0.4)
Palladium
2,641.93
(0.0)
All Share
67,191
(+0.2)
Top 40
61,459
(+0.3)
Financial 15
12,123
(+0.8)
Industrial 25
87,544
(+0.1)
Resource 10
68,608
(+0.2)
All JSE data delayed by at least 15 minutes Iress logo