ISIS spokesperson and 'architect' of attacks killed in Syria

Beirut - Top ISIS strategist Abu Mohamed al-Adnani has been killed in Syria, the group said, robbing the jihadists of their propaganda chief and a key architect of attacks in the West.

The United States said coalition forces had targeted Adnani, who had a $5 million bounty on his head, in an air strike in Aleppo province on Tuesday and that the Pentagon was still assessing the result.

His death will be a major blow to ISIS, which has suffered a series of setbacks this year including territorial losses in Syria and Iraq and the killings of other top figures.

Adnani, a Syrian-born in 1977, was one of ISIS's most recognised leaders, at the heart of a sophisticated propaganda and recruitment machine that produced slick videos and sustained a huge social media presence.

He was reported to be involved in organising a series of high-profile ISIS attacks abroad that killed hundreds, including in Paris, Brussels and Istanbul.

Washington has vowed to "systematically eliminate" senior ISIS leaders and has put a $10 million bounty on the group's elusive leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.

Both IS's second-in-command Abd ar-Rahman Mustafa al-Qaduli and its top military commander Omar al-Shishani have been killed in reported US strikes since March.

"Adnani's killing is a signal that IS can no longer protect its most senior leaders," said Baghdad-based expert on jihadists Hisham al-Hashimi.

He said it was clear that US intelligence had infiltrated top levels of IS and was increasingly aware of the movements of senior figures.

"I think the United States are very close to killing Baghdadi the next time," Hashimi said.

'Encouraged lone-wolf attacks'

The ISIS-affiliated Amaq news agency announced Adnani's death late on Tuesday, saying he "was martyred while surveying operations to repel the military campaigns against Aleppo" in northern Syria.

In Washington, Pentagon spokesperson Peter Cook said US-led coalition forces had "conducted a precision strike" targeting Adnani near the ISIS-held town of Al-Bab in Syria's northern Aleppo province.

"We are still assessing the results of the strike but Adnani's removal from the battlefield would mark another significant blow to ISIS," he said.

Adnani "served as principal architect of ISIS's external operations and as ISIS's chief spokesperson," Cook said.

"He has coordinated the movement of ISIS fighters, directly encouraged lone-wolf attacks on civilians and members of the military and actively recruited new ISIS members."

A US defence official described Adnani as one of ISIS’s most senior leaders and far more significant than simply the group's spokesman.

"Most notably, he served as ISIS's chief of external operations, directing and inspiring major terrorist attacks outside of Iraq and Syria," said the official, who declined to be named.

The official said Adnani had played a major role in the group during some of the most high-profile attacks over the past year, including in Paris, at the Brussels and Istanbul airports and at a cafe in Bangladesh.

Announced birth of 'caliphate'

Adnani, from the western Syrian province of Idlib, joined the jihadist movement in Iraq where he served under the late local Al-Qaeda leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi.

He was a founding member of ISIS, which evolved from Al-Qaeda in Iraq and in mid-2014 seized control of large parts of Syria and Iraq.

It was Adnani who in a June 2014 audio recording declared ISIS's establishment of a "caliphate" straddling Syria and Iraq and Baghdadi as "leader of Muslims everywhere".

"In the collective jihadist memory Abu Mohamed al-Adnani will always be the one who announced the 'restoration of the caliphate' in June 2014," said expert Romain Caillet, describing the propaganda chief as "the most charismatic leader in ISIS."

A few months later Adnani released an audio recording calling for lone-wolf attacks on civilians in Western countries.

"If you cannot (detonate) a bomb or (fire) a bullet, arrange to meet alone with a French or an American infidel and bash his skull in with a rock, slaughter him with a knife, run him over with your car, throw him off a cliff, strangle him, or inject him with poison," he said.

Experts have warned of a possible increase in jihadist attacks in the West as ISIS faces growing pressure in Syria, where US officials estimate the group has lost 20% of the territory it once held, and in Iraq, where it has lost about 50%.

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