Myanmar diplomatic revolt against junta widens after violent crackdown

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  • Protests against the military coup in Myanmar continued.
  • The UN ambassador the junta fired remained in his position.
  • The UN and US condemned the coup.

Myanmar's junta lost a tug of war over leadership of its UN mission in New York and the US unveiled new sanctions targeting military conglomerates after the deaths of dozens of civilians protesting against last month's coup.

With tussles over diplomatic loyalties overseas, pro-democracy activists held more demonstrations in Myanmar on Friday to oppose the 1 February ouster of the elected government of Aung San Suu Kyi.

READ | 'I will shoot whoever I see': Myanmar soldiers use TikTok to threaten protesters

A big crowd marched peacefully through the second city of Mandalay chanting: "The stone age is over, we're not scared because you threaten us."

There was no immediate sign of a police effort to block them.

But in the main city of Yangon, police fired rubber bullets and stun grenades to disperse protesters who had been joined by about 100 doctors in white coats, witnesses said.

A crowd also gathered in the town of Pathein, to the west of Yangon, a witness said.

'Vicious crackdown'

READ | Three Myanmar police seek refuge in India rather than carry out junta's orders

On Thursday, police broke up rallies with tear gas and gunfire in several cities but their crackdown was more restrained than on the previous day, when the UN said 38 people were killed in the bloodiest day of protests.

UN human rights chief Michelle Bachelet demanded the security forces halt what she called their "vicious crackdown on peaceful protesters".

Bachelet said more than 1 700 people had been arrested, including 29 journalists.

A spokesperson for the ruling military council did not answer telephone calls seeking comment.

A clash over who represents Myanmar at the United Nations in New York was averted - for now - after the junta's replacement quit and the Myanmar UN mission confirmed that Ambassador Kyaw Moe Tun remained in the job.

The junta fired Kyaw Moe Tun on Saturday after he urged countries at the UN General Assembly to use "any means necessary" to reverse the coup.

READ | Myanmar anti-coup protesters brave junta security police after deadliest day

In Washington, it was unclear whether Myanmar's embassy was still representing the junta, after it issued a statement decrying the deaths of civilian protesters and called on authorities to "fully exercise utmost restraint".

One diplomat in the embassy also resigned and at least three others said in posts on social media they were joining the civil disobedience movement of strikes against the military government.

"This is encouragement for us who are going to go out on streets," wrote Facebook user U Zay Yan, responding to the news.

Targeted economic sanctions

The UN human rights investigator on Myanmar, Thomas Andrews, urged the Security Council - which meets to discuss the situation on Friday - to impose a global arms embargo and targeted economic sanctions on the junta.

States should impose sanctions on the Myanmar Oil and Gas Enterprise, now controlled by the military and its largest source of revenue, he said in a report.

Myanmar activists are calling for the release of Suu Kyi, 75, who was detained on the morning of the coup, and recognition of her 8 November election victory.

They also reject the junta's promise to hold new elections at an unspecified date.

Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy (NLD) party won the election in a landslide but the military has refused to accept the result citing fraud. The election commission said the vote was fair.

Hundreds of people on Thursday attended the funeral of a 19-year-old woman who was shot dead at a protest while wearing a T-shirt that read "Everything will be OK".

After her death, the slogan went viral as a symbol of defiance.

Sources told Reuters that Myanmar's military rulers attempted to move about $1 billion held at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York days after seizing power.

US officials froze those funds indefinitely, they said.

The US Commerce Department designated trading curbs on Myanmar's Ministry of Defence, Ministry of Home Affairs and two military conglomerates that control swathes of the economy, with interests ranging from beer to real estate.

But the measures are expected to have limited impact as the entities are not major importers.

"A bigger impact would be to go after the financial assets of the military leaders of the coup," said William Reinsch, a former Commerce Department official.

The EU suspended support for development projects to avoid providing financial assistance to the military. The support in past years has involved more than €200 million ($241 million) in separate programmes.

Myanmar's generals have long shrugged off outside pressure.

The US has told China, which has declined to condemn the coup, that it expects it to play a constructive role. China has said stability is a top priority in its strategic neighbour.

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