SADC leaders condemn AU decision to grant Israel observer status

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  • Heads of state from the Southern African Development Community have condemned the African Union’s decision.
  • South Africa played a central role in lobbying the SADC’s 16 member states to issue the collective statement.
  • The statement pits the southern African bloc in direct opposition to the policies of the continental body.

Southern African leaders objected to the African Union granting Israel observer status on Wednesday. 

Heads of state of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) met in Malawi’s capital Lilongwe for the Ordinary Summit of SADC Heads of State and Government.

The 41st Ordinary Summit met to discuss bolstering economic cooperation in the face of the Covid-19 pandemic, as well as issues of regional insecurity.  

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In the communique published, the regional bloc rallied together in its condemnation of the African Union’s decision.  

The summit "expressed concern and objected to the unilateral decision taken by the African Union Commission to grant the State of Israel Observer Status to the African Union".

South Africa had played a "central role" in lobbying SADC’s 16 member states to issue a collective statement, said Clayson Monyela, spokesperson for the Department of International Relations and Cooperation.

"It is significant when you have a regional body of the African Union speaking in one voice on such a matter. It carries weight," said Monyela.

READ | SA 'appalled' by Israel's African Union observer status

AU member states have previously rejected Israel’s applications, but the latest decision had bypassed the collective debate, explained Monyela. This is why SADC was critical of what it called a unilateral decision by the African Union Commissioner.

New Southern African Development Community (SADC)
New SADC Chairperson, Malawi President Lazarus Chakwera (centre), with SA President Cyril Ramaphosa (left), at the 41st SADC Heads of States and Government Summit in Lilongwe, Malawi.

AU Commissioner Moussa Faki Mahamat defended the decision earlier this month, saying it reflected the position of the majority of member states. The observer status allows non-members like Israel to participate in certain activities of the AU.

Faki Mahamat added that accepting Israel’s formal accreditation at the AU did not dilute the "unflinching commitment of the Pan-African Organisation to the fundamental rights of the Palestinian people, including their right to establish an independent National State, with East Jerusalem as its capital, within the framework of a global, fair and definitive peace between the State of Israel and the State of Palestine".

He said the objection by certain members would be discussed at the session of the executive council to be held in October.

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In July, Israel announced the formal establishment of its observer status with the African Union.

It was the first time since 2002 that an Israeli diplomat had presented their credential to the regional body’s commission in Addis Ababa.


It cemented years of bilateral efforts by Israel to build relationships with African countries. The historic Abraham Accords in 2020 saw Chad, Guinea, Sudan and Morocco normalise relations, following renewed relations with United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Saudi Arabia.

"This is a day of celebration for Israel-Africa relations," Israel’s Minister of Foreign Affairs Yair Lapid said at the time. "This corrects the anomaly that has existed for almost two decades and is an important part of strengthening the fabric of Israel’s foreign relations."

But, South Africa’s foreign ministry responded with immediate condemnation. Dirco said it was "appalled at the unjust and unwarranted decision". It was a "shocking" decision taken in a year of heightened conflict between Israelis and Palestinians, which the AU had condemned at the time.

The News24 Africa Desk is supported by the Hanns Seidel Foundation. The stories produced through the Africa Desk and the opinions and statements that may be contained herein do not reflect those of Hanns Seidel Foundation.

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