US calls for Eritrea to withdraw soldiers in Tigray, Ethiopia

play article
Subscribers can listen to this article
A member of the Amhara Special Forces watches on at the border crossing with Eritrea while where an Imperial Ethiopian flag waves, in Humera, Ethiopia, on November 22, 2020.
A member of the Amhara Special Forces watches on at the border crossing with Eritrea while where an Imperial Ethiopian flag waves, in Humera, Ethiopia, on November 22, 2020.
  • The Tigray transitional government says Eritrea has deployed its entire army to the front.
  • The US says an AU-led peace deal should be put back on track.
  • Between March and August, there had been a mini truce in Tigray but fighting broke out again.

The US blames Eritrea for playing a central role in the resumption of conflict in Ethiopia's Tigray region and called for Eritreans to "withdraw to their borders immediately".

Between March and August, there was a mini truce in Tigray as the Ethiopian government and transitional government of Tigray agreed to work towards an African Union-led peace deal to end the war that began in November 2020.

During that period, relief aid was allowed into Tigray and there were plans under way to resume normal life with the restoration of basic economic and social services.

But before much could be achieved, fighting broke out in August.

Last week, Getachew Reda, the former communication affairs minister of Ethiopia and now a spokesperson for the Tigray People's Liberation Front, tweeted Eritrea had re-joined as allies of the Ethiopian government in launching attacks.

READ | One killed in new airstrike on Ethiopia's Tigray, says hospital

"Eritrea is deploying its entire army as well as reservists. Our forces are heroically defending their positions," he tweeted.

Responding to journalists at a virtual press conference, Ned Price, the spokesperson for the US State Department, said the US had called on Eritrea to withdraw to its borders.

"We've also been very clear with Eritrea and Eritrean authorities that they must withdraw to their borders immediately and for Eritrea and others to cease fuelling the conflict. We're deeply concerned by the human rights abuses that this conflict has brought about."

Price added the only way back to safety was an AU-led peace initiative that America was in support of.

READ | Chaos returns to Tigray as mini truce is broken

"We've called on the government of Ethiopia and the Tigray regional authorities to immediately halt their military offensives and to pursue a negotiated settlement through peace talks under the auspices of the African Union.

"We have worked very closely with the African Union, with other partners on the continent to engage in that process of diplomacy," he said.

Eritrea's interest in Ethiopia

Eritrea and Ethiopia shared a border that covered 1 051km through remote, desert areas, according to Sovereign Limits - a source of land and maritime international boundaries.

Eritrea, a former Italian colony, became part of Ethiopia after World War II but broke away in 1961 after an armed conflict.

It was recognised as an independent country by Ethiopia in 1993.

This is similar to what Tigray wants from Ethiopia.

Eritrea and Ethiopia would continue to have border disputes until 2018 when both agreed to accept Eritrean–Ethiopian Boundary Commission-suggested mappings.

Since then, relations have been good between Eritrea and Ethiopia.

Thus, some critics said Eritrea's fighting as allies with Ethiopia in Tigray was a diplomatic offensive to maintain good relations.

While the US urges an AU-led resolution in Ethiopia, it is at loggerheads with Eritrea - the only African country and one of five to vote against a UN resolution calling for Russia to stop its invasion of Ukraine.

The News24 Africa Desk is supported by the Hanns Seidel Foundation. The stories produced through the Africa Desk and the opinions and statements that may be contained herein do not reflect those of the Hanns Seidel Foundation.

We live in a world where facts and fiction get blurred
In times of uncertainty you need journalism you can trust. For 14 free days, you can have access to a world of in-depth analyses, investigative journalism, top opinions and a range of features. Journalism strengthens democracy. Invest in the future today. Thereafter you will be billed R75 per month. You can cancel anytime and if you cancel within 14 days you won't be billed. 
Subscribe to News24
Voting Booth
What are your thoughts on the possibility of having permanent Stage 2 or 3 load shedding?
Please select an option Oops! Something went wrong, please try again later.
I'll take that over constant schedule changes
13% - 1456 votes
Why are we normalising Eskom’s mess?
72% - 8029 votes
I've already found alternative ways of powering my home/business
15% - 1662 votes
Rand - Dollar
Rand - Pound
Rand - Euro
Rand - Aus dollar
Rand - Yen
Brent Crude
Top 40
All Share
Resource 10
Industrial 25
Financial 15
All JSE data delayed by at least 15 minutes Iress logo
Editorial feedback and complaints

Contact the public editor with feedback for our journalists, complaints, queries or suggestions about articles on News24.