The administrators of Johannesburg have not kept pace with the city's growing population nor implemented necessary upgrades, which has led to a metropolis with decaying infrastructure, writes Angelo Fick.
Most human beings now live in urban rather than rural spaces. The Swedish sociologist Göran Therborn, in his book Cities of Power (2017), a magisterial tome on the political economy of urban spaces inside national territories, suggests we are living in "the dawn of planetary urbanisation". That shift signals an epochal change for our species.
The human future lies in cities, undoubtedly, at least for the century ahead. Those processes that colonialism banned for most of the inhabitants here in South Africa, and which apartheid tried to reverse, cannot be stopped. Inevitably, people gravitate towards towns and cities.