Express News

Self-examination can save lives

accreditation
0:00
play article
Subscribers can listen to this article

Something as simple as regular self-examination and breast cancer screening can save countless lives.

According to the Cancer Association of South Africa (CANSA), breast cancer affects one in 28 women. In fact, the incidence in urban communities is as high as one in eight.

The World Health Organization found that 15 491 new cases were reported in South Africa last year.

Given the devastating impact of breast cancer, women are urged to do regular self-examination and breast cancer screening.

“Women over the age of 40 should also have yearly mammograms,” says Clyde Parson, chief innovation officer of the insurance company BrightRock.

This call to action is aligned with Breast Cancer Awareness Month, observed annually in October.

This disease affects women of all races, nationalities and social circumstances.

Several factors contribute to the likelihood of developing breast cancer.

“Lifestyle plays a major role. Being overweight, eating unhealthily, not exercising regularly, drinking too much alcohol, smoking and high levels of stress can all put you at higher risk. The risk also increases significantly as you age,” says Parson.

Cancers that are detected early are easier to treat.

“It is therefore so important for women of all ages to do regular self-examinations, checking their breasts for any changes, lumps or bumps.”

Two types of lumps exist, namely benign (non-cancerous) and malignant (cancerous).

Benign lumps in the breast are often fibroadenomas, which are made up of fibrous and glandular tissue and duct papillomas. While adenomas, made up of glandular tissue, are most often benign, they can turn malignant.

Malignant tumours of the breast are either ductal or lobular carcinomas.

“A ductal carcinoma has a 75% chance of spreading, while lobular carcinomas have only a 10% chance of spreading,” says Noeleen Phillipson, senior manager of Life Oncology.

“Most of our facilities offer treatment options, and our dedicated oncology units are fully equipped to assist patients throughout their treatment journeys.”

It is so important for women to do regular self-examinations, checking their breasts for any changes, lumps or bumps– Clyde Parson

We live in a world where facts and fiction get blurred
In times of uncertainty you need journalism you can trust. For only R75 per month, you have access to a world of in-depth analyses, investigative journalism, top opinions and a range of features. Journalism strengthens democracy. Invest in the future today.
Subscribe to News24
Lockdown For
DAYS
HRS
MINS
Voting Booth
President Ramaphosa has punted the idea of mandatory Covid-19 vaccinations for South Africans. This is:
Please select an option Oops! Something went wrong, please try again later.
Results
The right thing to do. We desperately need more South Africans vaccinated to prevent further mutations and restore normality in our lives.
72% - 3591 votes
A risky strategy. Compulsory vaccinations may have unintended consequences and damage our rollout campaign.
28% - 1427 votes
Vote
Rand - Dollar
16.14
+0.3%
Rand - Pound
21.53
+0.1%
Rand - Euro
18.30
-0.2%
Rand - Aus dollar
11.49
+0.5%
Rand - Yen
0.14
-0.2%
Gold
1,793.97
+0.5%
Silver
22.96
+0.2%
Palladium
1,803.50
+0.2%
Platinum
958.75
-0.8%
Brent Crude
73.44
+1.0%
Top 40
63,435
-0.3%
All Share
69,840
-0.2%
Resource 10
65,443
-0.2%
Industrial 25
93,563
-0.4%
Financial 15
13,435
-0.2%
All JSE data delayed by at least 15 minutes Iress logo
Editorial feedback and complaints

Contact the public editor with feedback for our journalists, complaints, queries or suggestions about articles on News24.

LEARN MORE