SCA finds in favour of ATM in its quest for a secret ballot in motion against Ramaphosa

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African Transformation Movement president Vuyolwethu Zungula
African Transformation Movement president Vuyolwethu Zungula
Rosetta Msimango
  • The Supreme Court of Appeal set aside former National Assembly speaker Thandi Modise's decision that ATM's proposed vote of no confidence in the president should be by secret ballot.
  • It found that she misunderstood her discretion in the matter.
  • The speaker must reconsider ATM's request for a secret ballot.

The Supreme Court of Appeal (SCA) has set aside former National Assembly speaker Thandi Modise's decision that ATM's proposed motion of no confidence in President Cyril Ramaphosa should not be held by secret ballot.

However, it is not a done deal that the motion will be by secret ballot when it eventually comes before the National Assembly.

The SCA has ordered that the speaker – now Nosiviwe Mapisa-Nqakula – make a "fresh decision" on the matter. The speaker must also pay ATM's legal costs for two counsel.

The judgment, written by Judge Trevor Gorven, with judges Xola Petse, Caroline Nicholls, Anna Kgoele and John Smith concurring, was handed down on Thursday morning.

In March, acting Judge James Lekhuleni dismissed ATM's application to the Western Cape High Court to review Modise's decision that voting would be done by open ballot, finding Modise had considered all the circumstances in denying ATM's request.

Lekhuleni found the party's reasons for a secret ballot were "speculative, contrived and based on unsupported suppositions".  However, he ruled there was no duty on the party bringing the motion to prove that an open or secret ballot was preferable.

READ | ATM granted leave to appeal bid to secure secret vote in motion of no confidence in Ramaphosa

In May, Lekhuleni granted ATM leave to appeal. ATM brought an application to appeal directly to the SCA.

The SCA found it was a "fundamentally flawed" approach by Modise to place the onus on ATM to motivate why the motion of no confidence should be by secret ballot. 

"She (Modise) asked the wrong question. It was 'has the ATM discharged the onus to convince me to decide that a vote by secret ballot should be held'," read the judgment.

"That question implied a point of departure that, absent the discharge of such an onus, a vote of no confidence in the president should be by open ballot. She did not ask 'what would be the best procedure to ensure that members exercise their oversight powers most effectively' as regards this particular vote of no confidence, given a conspectus of the reasonable and legitimate circumstances obtaining at that time which could assist in arriving at that decision.

"She laboured under a misconception that, if a requesting party did not have to discharge an onus, any request for a secret ballot had to be approved. This shows that she misunderstood the nature of the discretion to be exercised. The incorrect procedure of requiring the ATM to discharge an onus was material to the resulting decision.

"There was thus a failure to exercise the discretion accorded to her. All of this demonstrates that the decision of the speaker was vitiated by irrationality. As such, the High Court should have reviewed and set aside her decision. This all means that the appeal should be upheld."

The saga started in February 2020 when ATM leader Vuyolwethu Zungula lodged a motion of no confidence in Ramaphosa with Modise.

READ | Motion of no confidence in Ramaphosa: ATM heads to court over open voting

Zungula also requested a secret ballot for the vote on the motion, which Modise denied.

In late November, the motion was scheduled for 3 December. Again, ATM unsuccessfully petitioned Modise to have the motion voted on by secret ballot.

On the day the motion was to be heard, the party asked the Western Cape High Court to review Modise's decision, and the motion was postponed.

Next week, Parliament goes in recess. The motion isn't scheduled yet and it will therefore most likely only be heard next year.

In February, when Parliament reconvenes, Ramaphosa will be in office for four years. He is yet to face a motion of no confidence.


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