Sharp increase in deaths puts strain on Johannesburg cemeteries

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 A general view of Newclare Cemetery.
A general view of Newclare Cemetery.
Papi Morake/Gallo Images/File
  • Deaths during the third wave of Covid-19 infections in Johannesburg have put cemeteries and crematoriums under strain.
  • There were 3 568 burials and cremations in the month of June, and 3 422 as at 20 July at City-run facilities.
  • Funeral parlours are working seven days a week and the recent unrest has affected crematorium gas and coffin supplies.

"On 10 July, there were 125 funerals at Olifantsvlei Cemetery in the south. Before Covid-19, we would do 10 to 15 midweek burials. These numbers have increased, ranging from 44 to 86 daily funerals during the week," said Johannesburg City Parks spokesperson Reggie Moloi.

City Parks is responsible for 37 cemeteries and two crematoriums across the City of Johannesburg.

The third wave of Covid-19 infections has surpassed previous waves in Gauteng, and burials and cremations have increased sharply over the past three months in Johannesburg.

"In May, we had 1 920 burials and cremations. This increased to 3 568 burials and cremations in June. July is not over yet and we are already sitting at 3 422. These numbers are staggering … We have already surpassed last year's figures for July, which is alarming," Moloi told GroundUp on 20 July.

There were 1 844 burials and cremations in the city during June 2020, and 3 400 burials and cremations in July 2020 - the peak of the first wave in Gauteng.

According to the South African Medical Research Council (SAMRC), there were 3 590 excess deaths in Gauteng for the week of 11 July.

READ | Pfizer, BioNTech strike deal with SA facility to deliver over 100 million Covid-19 vaccines a year

A 23 February paper from the SAMRC estimated that "nationally, 85-95% of the excess natural deaths are attributable to Covid-19".

According to the Gauteng Department of Health, 4 714 people have died from Covid-19 to date in Johannesburg alone.

Moloi said they have had to change their shift system to ensure that there are people who are available to dig graves every day.

He added:

We are rotating our workers, so those who work today, will be off tomorrow and then back at work the following day. But in some instances, there have been no breaks because of the high demand for graves.

While new graves can be dug using machines, graves where there will be a reburial have to be dug manually, he said. Reburial is when a grave that has been already used is reopened to add another relative's corpse.

"We have had a huge number of manual graves. In the south of Johannesburg alone, we had to dig 815 manual graves from 1 July to 19 July. There was a day where we had to dig 58 graves at Avalon Cemetery," said Moloi.

READ HERE | 74 people on average dying of Covid-19 per day in Western Cape

Despite the increase in burials, Moloi stressed that Johannesburg was not running out of burial space. There are 1 016 000 new burial plots still available, he said.

"We have 37 cemeteries, four of which are active. The other 33 are passive, meaning they are used for reburials only. At Avalon Cemetery, there have been 440 reburials from 1 July to now," said Moloi.

According to Dr Lawrence Konyana, deputy president of the National Funeral Directors' Association of Southern Africa, funeral parlours and undertakers are taking strain.

"Most funeral parlours in Johannesburg are running at capacity at the moment. A colleague of mine was saying he has never seen so much death before. It is quite difficult but we are trying to push as much as possible to ensure that we assist bereaved families during this time," said Konyana.

Konyana, who also runs his own funeral parlour, said: "We used to work from 08:00 to 17:00 but now we start at 07:00 and finish at 19:00. We are under a lot of pressure; our days are full, there is a lot of paperwork to get through and sometimes the fatigue kicks in. Sundays used to be our rest days but for the last three weeks, we have had to work on Sundays."

To ease the burden on staff, Konyana said many parlours were encouraging families to bury their loved ones during the week.

Crematoriums are also under strain. Moloi told GroundUp that crematoriums cap cremations at 14 per day. "The machines can only be used for a specific period and they need too cool in between," he said.

READ ALSO | 'Landmark initiative': Ramaphosa, Macron announce new SA-based Covid-19 vaccine hub

Moloi said that the unrest that swept across the country last week affected crematoriums because there was a delay in gas deliveries.

Konyana added that the unrest affected funeral parlours too.

"Coffin supply was also impacted as most of our manufacturers are based in the KwaZulu-Natal area. They had to close down last week and no deliveries were coming through, so we are trying to catch up at the moment," he said.

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