WATCH | Rhino poaching flares up again after SA eases lockdown restrictions

play article
Subscribers can listen to this article
  • Rhino poaching is seeing an increase since South Africa eased its Covid-19 lockdown rules.
  • Under lockdown, the country saw a 30% decrease in poaching in 2020 from the previous year. 
  • But organisations say there has been an increase in incidents, particularly at Kruger National Park.

Rhino poaching is on the rise again in South Africa since the government loosened Covid-19 restrictions, following a year-long lull due to the pandemic, wildlife parks say.

The strict limits on travel, including international travel, imposed in March last year had the happy side effect of keeping poachers at bay. In 2020, 394 rhinos were poached, 30% fewer than the year before and the lowest yearly tally since 2011.

But then South Africa began easing international travel restrictions in November.

"Since November [and] December last year and into 2021, this landscape and particularly Kruger National Park has been experiencing serious numbers of rhino poaching incidents," said Jo Shaw, the Africa Rhino Lead for WWF International Network.

She declined to say how many incidents had occurred.

READ | Why birds in the Eastern Cape have been dropping dead from the sky

"There is a very real and realised threat as poaching pressure has increased since lockdown perhaps to meet the demand from the international markets," she said.

Rhino poaching often involves local poachers and international criminal syndicates that smuggle the high-value commodity across borders, often to Asia, where demand is high.

Their methods are cruel: The rhinos are usually shot with a tranquiliser gun before the horn is hacked off, resulting in the animal being left to bleed to death.


Reserves, which have been battling tighter budgets amid a Covid-induced lull in tourism, have also been forced to cut back on anti-poaching patrols, compounding the threat to rhinos.

Some reserves use de-horning as one of the methods to prevent armed poachers from taking advantage of more accessible cross-border travel.

Veterinarians cut the horn at the stub rather than remove it all, preventing the rhino from bleeding to death. Balule Nature Reserve, located in the greater Kruger system, has de-horned 100 rhino since April 2019.

The country's environmental ministry is expected to release its 2021 half-year poaching figures at the end of June.

"As restrictions over time have become less, there has been an uptick in poaching as a result," said Julian Rademeyer, director of the organised crime observatory for East and Southern Africa at the Global Initiative Against Transnational Organised Crime.

South Africa has about 16 000 rhinos located within its borders, Frances Craigie, chief director of enforcement at the environmental ministry, told Reuters.

But relentless poaching and a drought in the North-East region has hit the rhino population hard. In the Kruger National Park, the number of rhinos has plummeted almost more than two thirds in the last decade to around 3 800 in 2019 from 11 800 rhinos in 2008, a South African National Parks report showed.

We live in a world where facts and fiction get blurred
In times of uncertainty you need journalism you can trust. For only R75 per month, you have access to a world of in-depth analyses, investigative journalism, top opinions and a range of features. Journalism strengthens democracy. Invest in the future today.
Subscribe to News24
Lockdown For
Voting Booth
Should Covid-19 vaccinations be mandatory for employees in workplaces?
Please select an option Oops! Something went wrong, please try again later.
Yes, it is the responsible thing to do
46% - 3547 votes
No, vaccination should be an individual choice
43% - 3340 votes
No, but those who are unvaccinated should have to work from home
11% - 834 votes
Rand - Dollar
Rand - Pound
Rand - Euro
Rand - Aus dollar
Rand - Yen
Brent Crude
Top 40
All Share
Resource 10
Industrial 25
Financial 15
All JSE data delayed by at least 15 minutes Iress logo
Editorial feedback and complaints

Contact the public editor with feedback for our journalists, complaints, queries or suggestions about articles on News24.