Nearly 60 killed in 10 days of Syria rebel clashes, says the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights

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  • 58 people have died in new fighting in Syria.
  • Clashes have erupted between rebel groups.
  • HTS has emerged as the strongest and best organised rebel faction.

More than a week of inter-rebel fighting in Syria's Turkish-held north has killed 58 people, mostly combatants - a flareup that has allowed al-Qaeda-linked fighters to gain ground, a war monitor said on Tuesday.

The clashes since 8 October, in a volatile area near the Turkish border, have been among the deadliest in years, killing 48 rebel fighters and 10 civilians, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said.

Among the 48 combatants killed, 28 were members of the Hayat Tahrir al-Sham alliance (HTS), which is led by al-Qaeda's former Syria affiliate, according to the Britain-based war monitor, which relies on a wide network of sources inside Syria.

Dozens of rebel groups opposed to President Bashar al-Assad are confined to areas of northern and north-western Syria that still evade government control after more than a decade of war.

READ | Inter-rebel clashes resume in northwest Syria after collapse of truce

The latest fighting started this month between two rival pro-Turkish rebel groups in the town of Al-Bab in Aleppo province before spreading to other areas and drawing in other factions, including HTS.

HTS is widely seen as the strongest and best organised of the rebel factions and dominates the nearby Idlib region, Syria's last major opposition bastion.

Last week, the group captured the Afrin region from rival Turkish-backed rebels, advancing in the area for the first time since civil war broke out in Syria in 2011.

The US condemned the HTS advance in a statement on Tuesday.

The US embassy said:

We are alarmed by the recent incursion of HTS, a designated terrorist organisation, into northern Aleppo (province). HTS forces should be withdrawn from the area immediately.

HTS has leveraged the latest bout of fighting to expand its zone of influence, in a move green-lit by Turkey, which has never publicly backed it, the Observatory said.

"Hayat Tahrir al-Sham would not have entered the area without Turkey's consent," said Observatory chief Rami Abdul Rahman.

Since Monday, it has advanced toward the key town of Azaz, near the Turkish border further north, as persistent inter-rebel fighting has torpedoed a truce that briefly went into effect at the weekend.

Since 2011, the war in Syria has killed nearly half a million people and driven more than half of the country's pre-war population from their homes.

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