9 adverse childhood experiences
Analyzing the relationship between multiple categories of childhood trauma and health outcomes later in life, researchers defined 9 Adverse Childhood Experiences that can occur in the household prior to age 18.
- Recurrent physical abuse
- Recurrent emotional abuse
- Contact sexual abuse
- An alcohol and/or drug abuser in the household
- An incarcerated household member
- Someone who is chronically depressed, mentally ill, institutionalized, or suicidal
- Mother is treated violently
- One or no parents
- Emotional or physical neglect
An ACE Score of 0 (zero) would mean that the person reported no exposure to any of the listed categories of trauma. An ACE Score of 9 would mean that all these categories of trauma were reported.
Some of the areas of investigation that researchers found may be related to childhood trauma are a shortened lifespan, high incidence of coping mechanisms such as smoking and drinking, and increased likelihood of obesity.
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