The poll, which questioned 18141 children aged 8 to 17, also showed less than half of youngsters choose to read a book outside of class at least once a month.
Instead, children's exposure to the written word arises mostly from sending messages via texting, emails, and social networking sites such as Facebook and Twitter.
"Getting these children reading and helping them to love reading is the way to turn their lives around and give them new opportunities and aspirations," said National Literacy Trust Director Jonathan Douglas.
The trends this survery highlighted could have significant consequences for children as they enter adulthood.
"We're worried that they will grow up to be the 1 in 6 adults who struggle with literacy to the extent that they read to the level expected of an 11-year-old or below," Douglas said.
What do you think parents should do to encourage their teens to read?