Anxiety at school: Helping your child survive and thrive

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""When dealing with an anxious child, it is vital not to lecture or interrupt them, or to jump to conclusions or mock their fears." Photo: Supplied/ The ADvTECH Group
""When dealing with an anxious child, it is vital not to lecture or interrupt them, or to jump to conclusions or mock their fears." Photo: Supplied/ The ADvTECH Group

Anxiety at school is not a new phenomenon; however, educators and parents alike recognise that there has been a significant increase in the prevalence of anxiety among children in the past year.

Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, lockdowns and measures to ensure the safety of children who are back at school or in the process of returning. Anxiety is not to be dismissed or taken lightly. Still, the good news is that parents and teachers can take steps to ensure they first recognise red flags in children and then respond appropriately.

Should there be concerns that a child is taking emotional strain, an education expert says. "Teachers and parents can recognise the onset of anxiety when a sudden behaviour change becomes apparent and continues for at least three weeks or longer," says Dr Jacques Mostert.

He holds a PhD in Psychology of Education and is Brand Academic Manager at ADvTECH, a local private education provider. Dr Mostert is globally renowned in his field and has conducted experiential research in Denmark, the UK, South Africa and the Netherlands.

He says some of the signs to look out for include inattention and restlessness; attendance problems and clingy kids; disruptive behaviour that is not typical of the young person; trouble answering questions in class.

An increase in problems generally, which could include a marked downturn in academic performance in specific subjects where usually there wasn't a problem and if non-neurotypical difficulties are ruled out, such as ADHD or dyslexia.

Finally, if a child starts avoiding socialising or group work, attention must be paid. "Anxiety is your body's normal reaction to perceived danger or important events," says Dr Mostert.

"It is like your body's internal alarm system that is set to alert you of dangers that may be life-threatening, and it helps your body to prepare to deal with danger. However, your internal alarm is not very good at recognising whether the danger you may face is indeed life-threatening or not."

"For example, your body reacts by becoming nervous about being late to school and seeing a big spider in the bathroom in the same way. Neither is likely to cause real damage, yet your body remains alert and ready to run away in either case."

Read: How parents can support a child who comes out as trans by conquering their own fears

Dr Mostert says anxiety or feeling nervous is normal emotions and can be expected during transition and change, especially during times of unprecedented disruption like the current Covid-19 pandemic.

"The news and social media are filled with reports of the danger of Covid-19, the virility of the virus and how to stay safe from infection. This is especially true for children and teens going back to school after their normal routines have been disrupted."

"Even young children who don't watch news still pick up on the concerns of the adults around them and constantly have safety measures reinforced in a way they were not before 2020."

Many parents also remain concerned regarding children's safety from the virus at school. "While you as a parent may be stressed about safety and Covid-19 safety procedures, this can be put in context by considering the excellent track records of schools where children have returned."

If a parent has concerns about a child's anxiety following the identification of symptoms that persist over weeks, they need to start tackling the problem at home, as the first line of response, says Dr Mostert.

"Routine is essential in this. The first important step is to reinstate regular routines, including in the morning and evening. Nobody copes well when they are tired or hungry. Anxious children often don't feel like eating breakfast."

"They might not feel hungry or become nauseous after eating breakfast, so start making sure that your child gets back in the habit of getting some nutrition before heading to school. Also, make sure that your child wakes up early enough to avoid rushing to get to school. This, of course, means that you must ensure that your child goes to bed early enough, at a regular time."

"If your child spends hours before going to sleep on a device or social media, this is a habit that needs to end. It is not healthy for children or adults, for that matter."

Dr Mostert notes that if a child becomes unusually quiet or starts to ramble, this can also indicate that they are anxious about returning to school.

"Children often seek reassurance that bad things won't happen to reduce their worry. Rather than dismissing this behaviour or becoming frustrated with them, acknowledge their fears. Avoid making light of their (and your own) anxiety by, for instance, saying there's nothing to be worried about or that they'll be fine."

"Instead, listen to them, acknowledge their feelings, and encourage your child to work through ways of solving their concerns with your assistance."

Also read: Education interrupted: Time to talk about the future of our children

In addition, there are practical ways to deal with anxiety at the moment, which include:

  • Practising deep breathing
  • Taking a break and going outside
  • Talking about anxiety openly and objectively
  • Getting moving Walking and talking
  • Practising positive thinking and keeping a gratitude journal
  • Trying to eat as healthy as possible and drinking enough water

"When dealing with an anxious child, it is vital not to lecture or interrupt them, or to jump to conclusions or mock their fears."

Instead, practice being a good listener, remain positive and retain a sense of humour, give positive feedback and reinforcement, aim to see fears from the child's perspective.

Helping your child through anxious periods is possible and an essential part of their growth towards maturity. And, if your efforts to help them do not yield results, many qualified and compassionate professionals can help child and family get back on track.

"Adults should keep in mind that they play an important role in supporting children during this time to direct attention away from the concerns about friends, teachers, homework and Covid-19. Instead by directing their thoughts toward the positives of seeing their friends, building relationships and new friendships, having the opportunity to interact with teachers and the safe environment of the school."

Submitted to Parent24 by ADvTECH Group

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