Looking at the annual birth data recorded between 2015 and 2020 of 18 countries, the Australian comparison company Compare the Market has revealed some interesting information.
Of the countries included in the research, India recorded the highest number of births, with 121.1 million across the period, whereas New Zealand reported the least (298,072). In 2020, the birth rate per 1,000 persons was 18.2 in India and 12.8 in New Zealand.
More male births than female
There were slightly more male births reported than females in almost all countries, except for Germany and the United Kingdom, which both presented an even split. In all other countries, males presented between 51% and 53% of all births.
Despite there being more male births than females, data from the World Health Organization indicates that females have a longer life expectancy of six to eight years on average.
This is true across all ages, with newborn females being more likely to survive until their first birthday and maintaining lower mortality rates at all ages. WHO contributes the difference in life expectancy to an inherent biological advantage for females and key behavioural differences between sexes.
The CIA World Factbook records similar information. Their data suggests that over the age of 65 years old, most countries have a higher number of females than males.
The average age of mothers at their first birth
Compare the Market's research also included a look at the average age of mothers at their first birth. There was a considerable difference between the highest (Ireland, 30 years) and the lowest (Bangladesh, 17 years).
The mean age of childbearing across all 18 countries is 29.06, which is one year older than the global average (28.06). According to the study, 20 was the average age of South African mothers at their first birth.
SA's birth numbers
According to the Compare the Market study, the number of births recorded in South Africa from 2015 to 2020 was 5.8 million.
Zeroing in on the year 2018, KwaZulu-Natal was noted as the province with the most recorded births at 190,923, while the Northern Cape ranked last with 24,195 births.
As far as male to female birth numbers goes, the study showed that the male to female ratio was 1.03 and that more male births (3 million) had taken place compared to female births (2.9 million) across the five years.
The study's sources for South African birth data were Stats South Africa and the United Nation's data around sex ratio at birth.
Submitted to Parent24 by Compare the Market.
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