Tokyo to host 2020 Olympics

Olympic flag (File)
Olympic flag (File)
Buenos Aires - Tokyo won the right to host the Olympic Games for the second time on Saturday, as the International Olympic Committee (IOC) awarded the city the 2020 edition.

The Japanese capital, which previously staged the world's biggest sporting event in 1964, beat Istanbul, who were bidding for the fifth time and Madrid, who failed for the third successive time, crashing out in the first round.

The 2016 Olympics will be held in Rio de Janeiro.

Meanwhile, wrestling, squash and baseball/softball will find out on Sunday which one of the three will become an Olympic sport from 2020.

Factfile on Tokyo after the International Olympic Committee awarded it the right to host the 2020 Olympics on Saturday:

Status:
Capital and Japan's biggest city

Population:
13 282 271 (estimate as of August 1, 2013). Greater Tokyo, a megalopolis that includes the city of Yokohama, as well as other urban areas, is home to around 35 million people.

Surface area:
2 188.67 square kilometres (845 square miles)

Geographical situation:
Tokyo is located on the Pacific coast of Japan's main island, Honshu, in the Kanto region. The weather in summer is generally humid and hot.

History:
Tokyo, a former fishing village, was the seat of the Tokugawa clan's military "Shogunate", which ruled over Japan for more than 270 years from a city then called "Edo". The military government was replaced in 1868 when the emperor's authority was restored. It became the nation's capital with the emperor moving his palace from Kyoto. Renamed Tokyo (Eastern Capital), it has grown into the world's largest megalopolis, despite devastation in World War II.

Olympics already hosted in Tokyo:
One, in 1964

Number of Olympic bids:
Five (for 1940, 1960, 1964, 2016 and 2020)

Note:
They were awarded the 1940 Games but were then stripped of the right to host them. Helsinki replaced them but in the event because of World War II the Games were cancelled.

Olympics already hosted in the country:
One in summer (Tokyo, 1964), two in winter (Sapporo, 1972; Nagano, 1998)

Projected budget for 2020:
The total budget is set at $8.5 billion with $3.8 billion earmarked for construction of venues and other Olympic-related facilities.

Composition of Buenos Aires delegation:
A 100-plus delegation led by Tokyo 2020 president Tsunekazu Takeda, who is also president of the Japanese Olympic Committee. Other key members include Tokyo Governor Naoki Inose, Tokyo 2020 CEO and JOC vice president Masato Mizuno. Prime Minister Shinzo Abe will also be in attendance.

Slogan:
"Discover Tomorrow"

The 2020 candidature file:
Tokyo claims to be the "safe pair of hands" that can be trusted in uncertain times. It also offers unmatched personal safety and financial security as well as world-class infrastructure for a compact Games, with 85 percent of the Olympic venues located within eight kilometres (five miles) of the athletes' village. Organisers say strict anti-quake measures mean the city is safe and insists there is no danger from radiation from the crippled Fukushima nuclear power plant.

State of progress:
Of the 35 venues and Olympic-related facilities, 20 will be newly built, with nine of them for temporary use. An 80,000-seat National Stadium, with a retractable roof will be built, regardless of the bid outcome, at a cost of $1.3 billion.

List of Summer Olympic Games hosts after Tokyo won the vote by the International Olympic Committee members to host the 2020 edition on Saturday:

1896 - Athens
1900 - Paris
1904 - St. Louis
1908 - London
1912 - Stockholm
1916 - Berlin (cancelled due to World War I)
1920 - Antwerp
1924 - Paris
1928 - Amsterdam
1932 - Los Angeles
1936 - Berlin
1940 - First awarded to Tokyo then to Helsinki (cancelled due to World War II)
1944 - London (cancelled due to World War II)
1948 - London
1952 - Helsinki
1956 - Melbourne
1960 - Rome
1964 - Tokyo
1968 - Mexico City
1972 - Munich
1976 - Montreal
1980 - Moscow
1984 - Los Angeles
1988 - Seoul
1992 - Barcelona
1996 - Atlanta
2000 - Sydney
2004 - Athens
2008 - Beijing
2012 - London
2016 - Rio de Janeiro
2020 - Tokyo
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