Paris - Roger Federer withdrew from the Paris Masters on Monday in order to "pace" himself for the next year, while Marin Cilic and Jo-Wilfried Tsonga reached the second round.
World No 3 Federer claimed his 10th Basel title on Sunday but decided to skip the final Masters event of the season at Bercy Arena.
"I am extremely disappointed to have to pull out of the Paris Masters," he said in a statement. "I have to pace myself since I want to play as long as possible on the ATP Tour.
"I am sorry for my French fans who I will see next year at Roland Garros."
Tournament director Guy Forget said he was "disappointed" with Federer's late decision to withdraw.
The 38-year-old Federer had warned on Sunday after beating Alex de Minaur at the Swiss Indoors that he may skip the trip to the French capital.
"My fitness is fine, I'm happy with how I feel," he said.
"I just don't know if I should play next week. I'll figure it out with the team."
The 20-time Grand Slam champion returned to the Paris Masters last year for the first time since 2015 and reached the semi-finals where he lost a three-set thriller to Novak Djokovic, who is top seed ahead of Rafael Nadal in the French capital this year.
Federer will next play at the ATP Tour Finals in London, which get underway on November 10.
He was replaced by Italian veteran Andreas Seppi in the main draw as a lucky loser.
Former US Open champion Cilic was one of the first unseeded players to book his spot in the last 32 with a 7-6 (7/5), 6-4 win over Poland's Hubert Hurkacz.
Croatian Cilic, who has failed to reach a final this season and has slipped to 24th in the world rankings, will next face three-time Grand Slam title-winner Stan Wawrinka.
Tsonga, who was the last Frenchman to win the Paris Masters title in 2008, battled back from a set down to defeat in-form Russian Andrey Rublev 4-6, 7-5, 6-4.
The 34-year-old, who has risen to world No 35 after ending an injury-plagued 2018 at 239th, saved four break points in a dramatic deciding set in front of a partisan crowd.
There was more cheer for the home fans as Jeremy Chardy and Benoit Paire also progressed.
Chardy edged out big-serving American Sam Querrey 5-7, 6-3, 7-5 to set up a tie with world No 4 Daniil Medvedev, while Paire saw off Bosnian Damir Dzumhur 7-5, 6-4.
Paire will face fellow French hope Gael Monfils for a place in the last 16.
Elsewhere, Croatian Borna Coric lost 3-6, 6-4, 6-3 to Fernando Verdasco, and former Wimbledon finalist Milos Raonic cruised past Britain's Cameron Norrie 6-3, 6-2.
Results from the first day of the ATP Paris Masters on Monday (x denotes seeding):
Jeremy Chardy (FRA) bt Sam Querrey (USA) 5-7, 6-3, 7-5
Cristian Garin (CHI) bt Pablo Cuevas (URU) 6-4, 6-3
Milos Raonic (CAN) bt Cameron Norrie (GBR) 6-3, 6-2
Fernando Verdasco (ESP) bt Borna Coric (CRO) 3-6, 6-4, 6-3
Benoit Paire (FRA) bt Damir Dzumhur (BIH) 7-5, 6-4
Radu Albot (MDA) bt Nikoloz Basilashvili (GEO) 6-3, 6-2
Jan-Lennard Struff (GER) bt Yoshihito Nishioka (JPN) 4-6, 7-5, 6-2
Jo-Wilfried Tsonga (FRA) bt Andrey Rublev (RUS) 4-6, 7-5, 6-4
Marin Cilic (CRO) bt Hubert Hurkacz (POL) 7-6 (7/5), 6-4
Adrian Mannarino (FRA) bt Casper Ruud (NOR) 6-4, 6-2