Often grouped with vegetables, mushrooms provide many of the nutrient attributes of produce, and are one of the few foods to naturally contain vitamin D.
But a new study conducted by academics at the University of Minnesota has found that eating a mushroom-rich breakfast may result in less hunger and a greater feeling of fullness when compared to consuming a meat-heavy meal.
"Previous studies on mushrooms suggest that they can be more satiating than meat, but this effect had not been studied with protein-matched amounts until now," said lead author Dr. Joanne Slavin. "As with previous published research, this study indicates there may be both a nutritional and satiating benefit to either substituting mushrooms for meat in some meals or replacing some of the meat with mushrooms."
For the study, researchers assessed the differences in satiety between consumption of white button mushrooms and beef in a randomised test, with participants consuming the foods for a total of 10 days, twice a day. Portion sizes had the same amount of protein and calories, and participants reported significantly less hunger, greater fullness and decreased prospective consumption after consuming a mushroom breakfast compared to a meat breakfast.
"This new study adds to a growing body of evidence that suggests mushrooms may aid weight management and satiety, and thus contribute to overall wellness," said nutrition research coordinator at America's Mushroom Council, Mary Jo Feeney. "Consumers are interested in the benefits of protein food choices, so it's important for them to know that plant-based sources of protein, such as mushrooms, can be satisfying."
The full study results have been published in the journal Appetite.© Cover Media