A new study from the University of Copenhagen confirms that hormonal contraceptives increase risk of depression by up to 80%. According to this study, women taking the combined oral contraceptive were "23% more likely to be diagnosed with depression and those using progestin-only pills (also known as “the mini-pill”) were 34% more likely."
The group of women exposed to the largest risk is teens, who face an 80% increased risk when they are on the combined pill (combination of estrogen and a progestin). The risk is doubled when on the progestin-only pill.
But oral contraceptives are hardly the most harmful kind. Their non-oral hormonal alternatives such as the IUD/coil, the patch as well as the ring all increase depression at a far more severe rate than the pill.
What medical practitioners have always been transparent about is the fact that individuals who already have depression may have their symptoms worsened by contraceptives.
But the information that is often omitted is the extent to which mental health can be negatively affected even on women who have not been previously diagnosed with depression.
The side effects that have been known for decades are the following (both good and bad):
- Your skin clears up
- Weight gain
- No more dysmenorrhea
- Fewer ovarian cysts
- Risk of blood clots diminishes
- Heightened mood swings
Via Women's Health
Because a disproportionate amount of gynaecologists are men, any woman who experiences symptoms more threatening than the above has the adverse effects on their mental health caused by birth control often mansplained away.
Sometimes health practitioners have even gone as far as reducing teen depression brought on by the pill to "teen heartbreak".
When The Guardian released this study conducted by the University of Copenhagen, the writer recalled a doctor whose cavalier response to this study was that "an unwanted pregnancy far outweighs all the other side effects that could occur from a contraceptive".
This school of thought is dangerous, considering how much of a toll hormonal turbulence takes on individuals who menstruate. Even without the detrimental effects inflicted by hormonal contraceptives, some individuals experience PMS symptoms that are far beyond their control.
Health24 detailed the link between PMS, depression, and suicidal thoughts in an article that helped us better understand what PMDD (premenstrual dysphoric disorder) is.
In this report, it was highlighted that symptoms of PMDD are more severe than those of PMS - these include panic attacks, a lack of interest in daily activities, binge eating, feelings of hopelessness and possibly thoughts of suicide, anxiety, bloating, headaches, and a feeling of being out of control.
They further added this important caveat:
So in a bid to suppress all the unpleasantness that comes with the menstrual cycle, women explore contraceptive methods that can ultimately result in the opposite desired outcome. Sometimes even worse.
Of course, not everyone has experienced depression induced by hormonal birth control, but the high risk factors can no longer be ignored.
Have you had to discontinue your hormonal contraceptive of choice due to heightened risk of depression and mood swings? Tell us about it here.
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