SA scientists monitor new Covid-19 variant

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 (Photo by Ziyaad Douglas/Gallo Images via Getty Images)
(Photo by Ziyaad Douglas/Gallo Images via Getty Images)

The National Institute of Communicable Diseases (NICD) on Monday said they were watching a new variant of Covid-19 which has been named Mu. 

In a statement, they said the World Health Organisation (WHO) has recently classified the PANGO lineage B.1.621 as a variant of interest (VOI) and assigned it the Greek name “Mu”.

This variant was first detected in Colombia in January 2021. It has since spread across North America, South America and Europe, with detections in Asia, said the NICD.

They said the majority of the Mu sequences (5123) have been detected in North America, followed by South America (23%), Europe (18%,) and Asia (0.1%).

As of September 3, there have been no cases of Mu detected on the African continent, including South Africa.

“Currently it accounts for less than 1% of the globally circulating viruses with Delta accounting for 88%,” said the NICD.

The Network for Genomic Surveillance in South Africa (NGS-SA), which includes the National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD), continuously and rigorously monitors SARS-CoV-2 sequences circulating in South Africa. The NICD said this work is crucial in the early detection of SARS-CoV-2 variants, including Mu.

The Mu variant is defined by mutations within the spike protein, many of which have been seen before in other VOIs or variants of concern (VOCs) including Beta and Delta.

“Some of these mutations have previously been associated with decreased antibody responses and increased transmissibility. This variant will likely therefore have similar properties to other variants with increased transmissibility and reduced sensitivity to antibodies in vaccines and those who have recovered from COVID-19.

“Nevertheless, both vaccines that are currently being rolled out in South Africa have high levels of protection against severe disease requiring hospitalization and death even against VOI/VOCs such as Beta and Delta and therefore will likely also protect against Mu. In addition to vaccination, we know that non-pharmaceutical interventions such as the wearing of masks, sanitizing and washing your hands, keeping a safe distance and avoiding crowds are effective at preventing the spread of SARS-CoV-2 regardless of the variant,” said the NICD.

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