How to create an extra income

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This week’s Absa/City Press Money Makeover Challenge journey focuses on starting your own business and making money during lockdown 

Personal finance expert Maya Fisher-French speaks to TV producer Nono and personal assistant Catherien who have side businesses to generate extra income to pay the bills and buy a few luxuries.

Nono started her own range of body-care products called Salt and Light two years ago. “I used my sav­ings in 2018 to start this business. It cost me around R20 000 to start. I mainly use social media and word of mouth to promote products.”

Catherien sells aromatic oils and recently got a licence to sell Neo­ ­Life health and cleaning products.

Have a plan & a bank account

Far too often people realise too late that their business is actually costing them money, says Maya Fisher-French. Before you start a business, you need to do your homework – understand the costs involved, including your time, petrol, data costs and so forth.Have a separate bank account for the business to keep it apart from your personal finances.

If you treat your business as an emergency fund to pay ad hoc personal bills, it will be difficult to get a handle on your profitability. You can run the business as a sole proprietor, so you don’t necessarily have to open a business bank account. A low-cost account will suffice if the business turnover is less than R1 million.

Consider hiring a bookkeeper ifthe business can afford it – or use a proper accounting system. Catherien found she was spend­ing hours trying to keep up with her admin.

A simple solution was to sign up for accounting program Wave (wave.com), which is free unless you want to add an employee payroll. The program is sufficient for most small businesses, and issues invoices and reconciles payments.

Nono hired a bookkeeping com­pany which manages her books and tax returns. “It was getting too stressful for me as I work full time as well. This has proven to be a great relief to me.”

Be aware of tax implications. If your business is structured as a Pty (Ltd) it would have its own tax number and tax liability. However, if you run it as a sole proprietorship – or just as a side gig – then any profit is added to your taxable income.

It’s important to keep proper account­ing records as you can deduct all business expenses from your income as well. This includes travel costs for deliveries and data as well as the cost of any inputs.

Decide what platform you want to use for your orders. Social media sites such as Facebook and Insta­gram offer great marketplace ap­plications. But both Catherien and Nono found WhatsApp works well.

Catherien recognises she needs to be more active getting her prod­uct onto social media, but for now word of mouth and selling her prod­uct at a local community market is providing sufficient turnover.

Creating opportunities

Both Nono and Catherien are seeing an uptick in their businesses during the coronavirus pandemic. “I’ve started to make hand sanitiser and within two days of making 100 units we were sold out. It’s great but I’ve also run out of plastic packaging!” says Nono.

  • Catherien’s line of vitamins and cleaning products has been a huge success. She's doubled her turnover as a result and has been able to continue operating throughout lockdown.
  • In any crisis there's opportunity. Lockdown created new demand, with customers switching from retail products at stores to trying new brands through e-commerce. “My customers love my cleaning products and I don’t believe they’ll switch back to what they used to use,” says Catherien.
  • Research conducted by consulting firm McKinsey has already identified that post-lockdown customers are less likely to return to major shopping centres, preferring to stick to their smaller local shops and online suppliers. This is likely to spawn a new sector of small business e-commerce which can flourish without the overheads of rental space and a large stock holding.

Profit with purpose

Make sure you have a goal for the profits you make, otherwise it just ends up in your household spending and you never see the real benefit. Whether you use it to pay debt, start an investment or put it towards your holiday fund, know what you want to do with it.

Catherien uses R5 000 a month to supplement the shortfall in her household finances while her husband’s business gets back on its feet. However, any profit she makes above this goes into a savings account towards furniture for their new home.

Want more tips? You can follow the journey on social media #CPMoneyMakeover

Facebook: @CPMoneyMakeover,

Twitter: @CPMoneyMakeover and on Instagram: @city_press

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