What’s causing your sore throat?

accreditation
.
.

The dreaded sore throat is uncomfortable and can be plain painful. But how do you know if you have a viral or bacterial infection causing your sore throat? We break it down and help you treat it.

Sore throats can be caused by a host of factors – from colds and flu to a virus, infections such as strep throat or allergies.

What to look out for

The symptoms of a sore throat can include pain, scratchiness or irritation of the throat, or pain when swallowing. The most common cause of a sore throat (also known as pharyngitis) is a viral infection, such as a cold or the flu. A sore throat often resolves on its own and symptoms typically last for about a week1,2. Most people improve or get better without antibiotics whether the cause is viral or bacterial2.

How to treat a sore throat

Infections such as strep throat can be effectively treated with antibiotics as this is caused by bacterial infections3. However, a sore throat caused by a bacterial infection can improve without antibiotics after a few days2.

Many symptoms of a sore throat can be managed through self-care. This includes the use of aspirin or paracetamol which can be effective in reducing pain and fever associated with an upper respiratory infection2 or over-the-counter medication you can keep in your medicine cupboard at home.

With a range of lozenges and sprays such as Andolex-C, you can find targeted relief.

Andolex-C works to

  • Reduce swelling through its anti-inflammatory properties
  • Relieve pain with an analgesic effect
  • Fight minor infections by working as an antiseptic
  • Numb the area like a local anaesthetic

If your symptoms of a sore throat, cold or flu get much worse or show no improvement within a week, patients should see a doctor2.

The information in this article was provided by a third-party client.

References:

1. Mayo Clinic – Sore Throat (https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sore-throat/symptoms-causes/syc-20351635) Website accessed on 24 October 2018

2. How to Limit Antibiotic Use in Acute Sore Throat – Medical Chronicle CPD May 2018

3. Do I Need an Antibiotic? Bacterial vs Viral Infections – HealthyMePA. 21 February 2017 (https://www.healthymepa.com/2017/02/21/do-you-need-antibiotics/) Website accessed on 9 March 2018

We live in a world where facts and fiction get blurred
In times of uncertainty you need journalism you can trust. For 14 free days, you can have access to a world of in-depth analyses, investigative journalism, top opinions and a range of features. Journalism strengthens democracy. Invest in the future today. Thereafter you will be billed R75 per month. You can cancel anytime and if you cancel within 14 days you won't be billed. 
Subscribe to News24